Scattered across temperate areas of the northern hemisphere, with most species populating east Asia, this fairly small deciduous genus is noteworthy for its hard timber, simple, neatly pleated leaves, hop-like fruiting clusters and understated elegance. Hornbeam’s urbane rich green foliage embellishes an undemanding long-lived habit that appreciates moderate moisture, but tolerates occasional dry conditions once established plus clay and alkaline soil.
Renown for the grand forest-green hedges it fashions, European Hornbeam premiers glistening tight-knit pleated leaves, and when left unclipped develops a dense pyramidal to rounded silhouette. The toothed oval-shaped foliage takes on splendid buttery yellow fall color against smooth gray bark inscribed with muscular vertically aligned undulations. Enduring wind, heavy pruning and clay soil, cold-hardy Carpinus betulus can be showcased as a hedge, windbreak, single specimen, or planted in an allée, pleached or not. 10´ in 10 years. Large Band.
Size: 40' 0" – 60' 0" high x 20' 0" – 30' 0" wide.
Hardy to zone 5.