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Full Sun

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Partial Shade

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Drought Tolerant

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Picture Available

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Hardiness Zone Map


Carpinus

Hornbeam

Scattered across temperate areas of the northern hemisphere, with most species populating east Asia, this fairly small deciduous genus is noteworthy for its hard timber, simple, neatly pleated leaves, hop-like fruiting clusters and understated elegance. Hornbeam’s urbane rich green foliage embellishes an undemanding long-lived habit that appreciates moderate moisture, but tolerates occasional dry conditions once established plus clay and alkaline soil.

 

<i>Carpinus betulus</i> <i>Carpinus betulus</i>

Renown for the grand forest-green hedges it fashions, European Hornbeam premiers glistening tight-knit pleated leaves, and when left unclipped develops a dense pyramidal to rounded silhouette. The toothed oval-shaped foliage takes on splendid buttery yellow fall color against smooth gray bark inscribed with muscular vertically aligned undulations. Enduring wind, heavy pruning and clay soil, cold-hardy Carpinus betulus can be showcased as a hedge, windbreak, single specimen, or planted in an allée, pleached or not. 10´ in 10 years. Large Band.

Blooms March

Size: 40' 0" – 60' 0" high x 20' 0" – 30' 0" wide.

Hardy to zone 5.

Native to Japan, Korea and China, this slow growing, small rounded tree draws attention throughout the seasons. Lovely, large heart-shaped dark green leaves with doubly serrated margins and prominent veins cast a graceful aspect amid densely set branches. Big fruiting catkins and sizable cigar-style seed pods provide additional intrigue, while chunky winter buds and unique scaly, fissured coal-gray bark etch the cold weather landscape. Once utilized in crafting agricultural tools and furniture, Heartleaf Hornbeam’s undemanding habit can be planted as a sentinel, deciduous screen or small specimen in space-thrifty gardens and woodland settings where dappled shade plus organic-rich soil ensure its longevity.

 

Size: 20' 0" – 30' 0" high x 12' 0" – 15' 0" wide.

Hardy to zone 5.

<i>Carpinus coreana</i>

Cherished among bonsai devotees, this graceful multi-stemmed Korean native deserves a prominent place in more landscapes as a small-scale ornamental specimen. Pendulous branches taper into short shrubby, deep brown twigs that are infused with wine hues. Sporting a lustrous spring and summer sheen, the serrated tiny green deciduous leaves orchestrate a fantastic fall finale of flaming red, yellow and orange colors. Appreciative of some protection from hot afternoon sun, especially in dry locations, C. coreana’s refined slow-growing visage can flourish near a bench, a terrace or even in a large container, while its strong growing roots can survive occasional drought. Grows slowly.

Blooms March

Size: 15' 0" – 20' 0" high x 12' 0" – 15' 0" wide.

Hardy to zone 5.

<i>Carpinus laxiflora</i>

This stellar medium-sized Hornbeam promises to delight all year round. Hallmarking spring and summer, a winsome bevy of small, oval-shaped dark green serrated foliage sport prominent veins, soft yellow-green undersides and slender pointed tips. Long, pendent, bright green and red-tinged fruiting keys accompanied by cozy yellow and red foliage make attractive autumn features, while winter showcases pendulous branches and smooth pale patterned bark.

A rarely offered Japanese native introduced in 1914, the versatile Carpinus laxiflora can be grown as a landscape specimen or serves as an ideal bonsai candidate. 10' in 10 years. Large Band.

Blooms March.

Size: 30' 0" high x 20' 0" – 25' 0" wide.

Hardy to zone 6.

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